During the Social War Sallust’s parents hid in Rome, because Amiternum was under threat of siege by rebelling Italic tribes. It differs from the writings of his contemporaries — Caesar and especially Cicero. Laudis avidi, pecuniae liberales erant, gloriam ingentem, divitias honestas volebant. This is Sallust's first published work, an account of the attempt by Lucius Sergius Catalina (Catiline) to overthrow the Roman Republic in the year 63 BC. Sallust was primarily influenced by the Greek historian Thucydides and amassed great (and ill-gotten) wealth from his governorship of Africa. 11. creditum: l. e. she denied under oath the receipt of moneydeposits or loans.--caedis conscia: a very vague charge which Sallust would probably have had some difficulty in substantiating, but his purpose was to paint her character as dark as possible, so as to heighten the contrast with her intellectual gifts.  During the French Wars of Religion, De coniuratione Catilinae became widely known as a tutorial on disclosing conspiracies. The work probably was written between 44 and 40 BC, or between 42 and 41 BC according to Der Kleine Pauly. However, there is no conclusive evidence about this, and some scholars suppose that Sallust did not become a quaestor — the practice of violating the cursus honorum was common in the last years of the Republic. In late summer 47 BC a group of soldiers rebelled near Rome, demanding their discharge and payment for service. Sallust schildert darin die Verschwörung des Lucius Sergius Catilina, der im Jahr 63 v. Chr. cand. Dieses Video ist Teil unserer online-Lateinkurse zur Vorbereitung auf das Latinum, das Abitur im Fach Latein, das Lateinstudium, etc. 10) Suetonius. Although Sallust's version approximates Cicero's, there are some notable differences.5 Like Cicero, Sallust tells of two particular meetings; the first, however, he places in 64 "around the first of June" (Catilina 17.1), in which the conspiracy is said to have been proposed, months prior to the election Tacitus speaks highly of him (Annals, iii.30); and Quintilian does not hesitate to put him on a level with Thucydides, and declares that he is a greater historian than Livy. According to him, Earl D. C. "The Early Career of Sallust,". Ibid. Lucius Sergius Catilina, known in English as Catiline (/ ˈ k æ t ə l aɪ n /; 108–62 BC), was a Roman Senator of the 1st century BC best known for the second Catilinarian conspiracy, an attempt to overthrow the Roman Republic and, in particular, the power of the aristocratic Senate De coniuratione catilinae pdf. Sallust then supported the prosecution of Milo. Over die passage, incendium meum ruina restinguam!, zie onder meer E.N. Sallust: Catilinarische Verschwörung: Senatssitzung zur Bestrafung, Caesars und Catos Reden, Synkrisis, Sall.Cat.50-55); Lateinischer Text und deutsche Übersetzung Nos personalia non concoquimus. They are believed to be either neologisms or intentional revivals of archaic words. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. Deutsche Übersetzungen von Sallust und die zugehörigen Texte auf lateinheft.de. Sallustius et Cicero: Catilina (Lingua Latina) (Latin Edition) (Latin) First Edition by Cicero (Author), Sallust (Author), Hans H. Ørberg (Editor) & 0 more 5.0 out of 5 stars 3 ratings Igitur talibus viris non labor insolitus, non locus ullus asper aut arduus erat, non armatus hostis formidulosus: Virtus omnia domuerat. proelium conmitti posset, 79 maxumo clamore cum infestis signis concurrunt; pila omittunt, gladiis res geritur. This text is an excerpt from Sallust’s monograph The War with Jugurtha, which narrates the war led by Rome in Africa between 111 and 105 BCE against the Numidian prince Jugurtha.At the beginning of this work, Sallust explains that he chose this theme because it was “a great and terrible conflict of varying fortune,” and because it challenged “the insolence of the nobles” (V.1). 40 In particular, Sallust shows Catiline as deeply courageous in his final battle. In the following year, perhaps through Caesar's influence, he was reinstated. During the Civil War of 49–45 BC Sallust acted as Caesar's partisan, but his role was not significant, so his name is not mentioned in the dictator's Commentarii de Bello Civili.  As governor he committed such oppression and extortion that only Caesar's influence enabled him to escape condemnation. On Famous Grammarians and Rhetoricians, 10. "Princeps historiae Romanae", p. 120, Osmond P. J. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.  In the second century AD Zenobius translated his works into Ancient Greek.. Nostri consocii ( Google , Affilinet ) suas vias sequuntur: Google, ut intentionaliter te proprium compellet, modo ac ratione conquirit, quae sint tibi cordi. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. During the Roman Civil War in the times of the late Roman Republic he supported Lucius Cornelius Sulla.  Among his admirers in England were Thomas More, Alexander Barclay and Thomas Elyot.  In 48 BC he was probably made quaestor by Caesar to[clarification needed] re-enter the Senate. An able commander, he had a distinguished military career. De meest gevonden boeken zijn Conspiracy Of Catiline And The Jurgurthine War , Catilina, Lugurtha , Sallust , C. Sallustii Crispi Opera Omnia, Qu] Extant, Interpretatione Et Notis Illustravit Daniel Crispinus, In Usum Serenissimi Delphini. The lacuna exists in the mutili scrolls, while integri manuscripts have the text there. Sallust's Jugurthine War is a monograph recording the war against Jugurtha in Numidia from c. 112 BC to 105 BC. Hardcover. In 50 BC, the censor Appius Claudius Pulcher removed him from the Senate on the grounds of gross immorality (probably really because of his opposition to Milo and Cicero). Zunächst einmal lernten die jungen Männer, sobald sie wehrfähig waren, in Lagern die Arbeit und die Praxis des Militärs, so dass sie mehre an glänzenden Waffen und Kriegspferden ihre Freude hatten, als an Dirnen und Gelagen. Gaius Sallustius Crispus (86 – 35 v.Chr.) recounts the dramatic events of 63 B.C., when a disgruntled and impoverished nobleman, L. Sergius Catilina, turned to armed revolution after two electoral defeats. 9 Cf . Sallust Catilina, Iugurtha, Historiarum Fragmenta Selecta; Appendix Sallustiana (Hardcover). Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. Sed ea tempestate coepere se quisque magis extollere magisque ingenium in promptu habere.  They belonged to the equestrian order and had full Roman citizenship. 1. Lactantius Divinae Institutiones 3.26.7 and the Text of Sallust Catilina 14.2 Hij zou twee pogingen tot staatsgreep hebben gedaan. Ich besitze Erinnerungen, wie das römische Volk mit einer kleinen Schar eine große Truppe der Feinde besiegt hat und wie es natürlich befestigte Städte einnahm, aber diese Sachen würden uns weit von unserem eigentlichen Vorhaben abbringen. Osmond P. J. Iam primum iuventus, simul ac belli patiens erat, in castris per laborem usum militiae discebat magisque in decoris armis et militaribus equis quam in scortis atque conviviis lubidinem habebant. Sallust, Cicero and the Catiline Conspiracy Both the histories of Sallust and the orations of Cicero can be considered literary works, to a degree. , Sallust was probably born in Amiternum in Central Italy, though Eduard Schwartz takes the view that Sallust's birthplace was Rome. Sallust schildert darin die Verschwörung des Lucius Sergius Catilina, der im Jahr 63 v. Chr.  This campaign was unsuccessful. Sallustius et Cicero: Catilina (Lingua Latina) (Latin … FOREWORD 7 SALLUST’S BELLUM CATILINAE 10 Prologue 10 Second Conspiracy, June 1, 64 B.C. "[The doublet strenuus-bonus] is meant to include all the facets of virtus; Sallust comes closest to this ideal meaning in BJ 7.5 et proelio strenuus et bonus consilio. Deshalb waren sie als Männer so geschaffen, daß ihnen die Arbeit nicht ungewohnt war, ihnen kein Ort zu rauh oder zu steil war und sie den bewaffneten Feind nicht fürchteten: Ihre Kraft hatte das alles bezwungen. 35 bc) is the earliest Roman historian of whom complete works survive, a senator of the Roman Republic and younger contemporary of Cicero, Pompey and Julius Caesar.His Catiline’s War tells of the conspiracy in 63 bc led by L. Sergius Catilina, who plotted to assassinate numerous senators and take control of the government, but was thwarted by Cicero. Several manuscripts of his works survived due to his popularity in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Sallust is the earliest known Roman historian with surviving works to his name, of which Catiline's War (about the conspiracy in 63 BC of L. Sergius Catilina), The Jugurthine War (about Rome's war against the Numidian King Jugurtha from 111 to 105 BC), and the Histories (of which only fragments survive) are still extant. c. sallvstivs crispvs (86 – 34 b.c.) The Bellum Catilinarium of Sallust, and Cicero's Four Orations Against Catiline: With Notes. Postremo ex omni copia neque in proelio neque in fuga quisquam civis ingenuus captus est: ita cuncti suae hostiumque vitae iuxta pepercerant. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. A D Leeman, 'Sallust s Prolog e und sein Auflassung von der Historiographie I: Da Catilina-Proomien', Mnemosyne 7 (1954), 323-39, at 325-8. The classification is based on the existence of the lacuna (gap) between 103.2 and 112.3 of the Jugurthine War.  However, the last statement is based on the "Invective against Sallust" ascribed to Cicero, which is probably a later forgery. We hebben 130 boeken gevonden van de auteur B C Sallust Hieronder vindt u een lijst met alle gevonden boeken van de auteur B C Sallust . De coniuratione Catilinae oder Bellum Catilinae (lateinisch für Über die Verschwörung des Catilina oder Der Krieg Catilinas) ist eine Monographie des römischen Historikers Sallust.Sie umfasst 61 Kapitel und entstand um das Jahr 41 v. Chr. "Princeps historiae Romanae: Sallust in Renaissance political thought", Osmond P. J. 30 First Conspiracy, Jan. 1st – Feb. 5th, 66 B.C. FOREWORD 7 SALLUST’S BELLUM CATILINAE 10 Prologue 10 Second Conspiracy, June 1, 64 B.C. Dit verslag is op 9 november 2003 gepubliceerd op Scholieren.com en gemaakt door een scholier  During the Late Middle Ages and Renaissance Sallust's works began to influence political thought in Italy. Henrik Ibsen's first play was Catiline, based on Sallust's story.. "Princeps Historiae Romanae: Sallust in Renaissance Political Thought".  The Sallustii were a provincial noble family of Sabine origin. So begann sich zu dieser Zeit jeder mehr durch Leistung hervorzuheben und seine Begabungen mehr zu Ausdruck zu bringen. Several fragments of Sallust's works survived in papyri of the second to fourth centuries AD. Sallust is the earliest known Roman historian with surviving works to his name, of which we have Catiline's War (about the conspiracy in 63 BC of L. Sergius Catilina), The Jugurthine War (about Rome's war against the Numidians from 111 to 105 BC), and the Histories (of which only fragments survive). In any case, his knowledge of his own former weaknesses may have led him to take a pessimistic view of the morality of his fellow men, and to judge them severely. Second Conspiracy, July 63 B.C. In his Bellum Catilinae, C. Sallustius Crispus or Sallust (86-35/34 B.C.) Among many scholars and historians interested in Sallust, the most notable are Leonardo Bruni, Coluccio Salutati and Niccolo Machiavelli.  Petrarch also praised Sallust highly, though he primarily appreciated his style and moralization. Postremo ex omni copia neque in proelio neque in fuga quisquam civis ingenuus captus est: ita cuncti suae hostiumque vitae iuxta pepercerant. Two letters (Duae epistolae de republica ordinanda), letters of political counsel and advice addressed to Caesar, and an attack upon Cicero (Invectiva or Declamatio in Ciceronem), frequently attributed to Sallust, are thought by modern scholars to have come from the pen of a rhetorician of the first century AD, along with a counter-invective attributed to Cicero. They were created in the ninth century, and both belong to the mutili group. Salustiu s-a născut la Amiternum în țara sabinilor și a fost un popularis, un adversar al vechii aristocrații romane, de-a lungul carierei sale, și mai târziu, un partizan al lui Iulius Cezar. Historians regret the loss of the work, as it must have thrown much light on a very eventful period, embracing the war against Sertorius (died 72 BC), the campaigns of Lucullus against Mithradates VI of Pontus (75-66 BC), and the victories of Pompey in the East (66–62 BC). Sallust, Catilina 1.1' CQ 23 (1973) 310; cf. (Sallust, The Conspiracy of Catiline) A Man of Questionable Character. Among those who borrowed information from his works were Silius Italicus, Lucan, Plutarch, and Ammianus Marcellinus. Don’t despair, don’t give up, don’t give in! It is characterized by brevity and by the use of rare words and turns of phrase. So begann sich zu dieser Zeit jeder mehr durch Leistung hervorzuheben und seine Begabungen mehr zu Ausdruck zu bringen. Jeugd en carrière. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders.  The oldest integri scrolls were created in the eleventh century AD. Skip to main content.  In 46 BC, he served as a praetor and accompanied Caesar in his African campaign, which ended in the decisive defeat of the remains of the Pompeian war party at Thapsus. Sallustius De Catilinae coniuratione Over de samenzwering van Catilina (Uit: Latijnse geschiedschrijvers. Books. Earl, D. C. The Political Thought of Sallust. Author of Catilina, Sallust, Bellum Catilinae, Sallust, Florus, and Velleius Paterculus, Bellum Jugurthinum, De Bello Catilinario Et Jugurthino, Jugurtha, Conspiracy of Catiline and the Jugurthine War Catilina vero longe a suis inter hostium cadavera repertus est, paululum etiam spirans, ferociamque animi, quam habuerat vivos, in voltu retinens. passage, see A. J. Woodman, A note on Sallust, Catilina 1.1', CQ 23 (1973), 310. From the beginning of his public career, Sallust operated as a decided partisan of Julius Caesar, to whom he owed such political advancement as he attained. recounts the dramatic events of 63 B.C., when a disgruntled and impoverished nobleman, L. Sergius Catilina, turned to armed revolution after two electoral defeats.Among his followers were a group of heavily indebted young aristocrats, the Roman poor, and a military force in the north of Italy. 32 First Speech of Catiline at the home of Procius Laeca, June 1, 4 B.C. Try Prime EN Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders Try Prime Cart.  Syme suggests that Sallust, because of his position in Milo's trial, did not originally support Caesar. Sallust, Catilina, Iugurtha, Orationes Et Epistulae index, Roma Sallust, Catilina, Iugurtha, Orationes Et Epistulae index , Romani Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (23):  In the thirteenth century Sallust's passage on the expansion of the Roman Republic (Cat.  Theodor Mommsen states that Sallust acted in Pompey's interests (according to Mommsen, Pompey was preparing to install his own dictatorship). , The style of works written by Sallust was well known in Rome. (Mart.  The "V" scroll also includes two anonymous letters to Caesar probably from Sallust, but their authenticity is debated (see above). But the significance of these citations for the reconstruction is uncertain, because occasionally the authors cited Sallust from memory, and some distortions were possible. 7) was cited and interpreted by theologian Thomas Aquinas and scholar Brunetto Latini.  Aulus Gellius saved[clarification needed] Pollio's unfavorable statement about Sallust's style. Ibid.,147. Former owner's ex libris decorative stamp to ffep (P. W. De Neeve) . All Hello, Sign in. Catilina vero longe a suis inter hostium cadavera repertus est, paululum etiam spirans, ferociamque animi, quam habuerat vivos, in voltu retinens. Theodor Mommsen suggested that Sallust particularly wished to clear his patron (Caesar) of all complicity in the conspiracy. 3 Veterani, pristinae virtutis memores, comminus acriter instare; illi haud timidi resistunt: maxuma vi certatur. "Princeps historiae Romanae: Sallust in Renaissance political thought", p. 101, Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sallust&oldid=996709144, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2016, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 78 132 139 142 144 146 Carmen de … Vertaling over Sallustius: de catilinae coniuratione voor het vak latijn. Skip to main content.sg.  In 49 BC Sallust was moved to Illyricum and probably commanded at least one legion there after the failure of Publius Cornelius Dolabella and Gaius Antonius. Author of Catilina, Sallust, Bellum Catilinae, Sallust, Florus, and Velleius Paterculus, Bellum Jugurthinum, De Bello Catilinario Et Jugurthino, Jugurtha, Conspiracy of Catiline and the Jugurthine War Former owner's name to ffep. days. Prime. Neither location has a cross-reference note, despite the distance within the narrative between the two, and the importance of the re-occurring exemplum to the interpretation of the monograph. Sallust: De Coniuratio Catilinae – Kapitel 7 – Übersetzung. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. We must therefore avoid even the famous terseness of Sallust (though in his case of course it is a merit), and shun all abruptness of speech, since a style which presents no difficulty to a leisurely reader, flies past a hearer and will not stay to be looked at again.. Lucius Sergius Catilina (108–62 BC), known in English as Catiline (/ ˈ k æ t ə l aɪ n /), was a Roman patrician, soldier and senator of the 1st century BC best known for the second Catilinarian conspiracy, an attempt to overthrow the Roman Republic and, in particular, the power of the aristocratic Senate. These gardens would later belong to the emperors.  However, Sallust's birth is widely dated at 86 BC, and the Kleine Pauly Encyclopedia takes 1 October 86 BC as the birthdate. The Roman Republic was in death’s throes. He also uses the less common endings -ere instead of common -erunt in the third person plural in the perfect indicative, and -is instead of -es in the accusative plural for third declension (masculine or feminine) adjectives and nouns.  He became a Tribune of the Plebs in 52 BC, the year in which the followers of Milo killed Clodius in a street brawl. Remember, solving crosswords is a great way to train your memory, learn a lot, and develop analytical skills. As a result, his works are very far from the conversational Latin of his time. , According to one inscription, some Sallustius (with unclear praenomen) was a proquaestor in Syria in 50 BC under Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus. According to the existing sources and references, Catilina must have been a man of questionable character. 7 Ita utrumque per se indigens alterum alterius auxilio eget. It includes only speeches and letters from Catiline, Jugurtha and Histories.  Both these scrolls include only Catiline and Jugurtha, while some other mutili manuscripts also include Invective and Cicero's response. In his Bellum Catilinae, C. Sallustius Crispus or Sallust (86-35/34 B.C.) Catilina [Sallust] on Amazon.com. If you’ve been looking for the answer to Vel milite vel imperatore me ____,' Catilina suis ait, Sallust BC 22, we’re happy to … Moreover, his successors as governor were experienced military men. His brief style influenced, among others, Widukind of Corvey and Wipo of Burgundy. Epigrams, XIV, 191: Hic erit, ut perhibent doctorum corda virorum, // Primus Romana Crispus in historia. B. G. Teubner, 1926. Try. Catilina. 12. In writing about the conspiracy of Catiline, Sallust's tone, style, and descriptions of aristocratic behavior show that he was deeply troubled by the moral decline of Rome. Nam regibus boni quam mali suspectiores sunt semperque iis aliena virtus formidulosa est. Nach Lob gierig, waren sie großzügig mit Geld, sie wollten ungeheuren Ruhm und Reichtum mit Ehren.  The main source for this work is De Consulatu Suo by Cicero.. Manuscripts of his writings are usually divided into two groups: mutili (mutilated) and integri (whole; undamaged). Lucius Sergius Catilina (108–62 BC), known in English as Catiline (/ ˈ k æ t ə l aɪ n /), was a Roman patrician, soldier and senator of the 1st century BC best known for the second Catilinarian conspiracy, an attempt to overthrow the Roman Republic and, in particular, the power of the aristocratic Senate. According to Hieronymus Stridonensis, Sallust later became the second husband of Cicero's ex-wife Terentia. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Memorare possum, quibus in locis maxumas hostium copias populus Romanus parva manu fuderit, quas urbis natura munitas pugnando ceperit, ni ea res longius nos ab incepto traheret. Werke wie Bellum Iugurthium und De Coniuratio Catilinae mit satzweiser Übersetzung aus dem Lateinischen. Osmond, P. J. Denn den Königen sind die Guten verdächtiger als die Schlechten und für sie ist eine Tugend bei anderen immer beängstigend. At one time Marcus Porcius Latro was considered a candidate for the authorship of the pseudo-Sallustian corpus, but this view is no longer commonly held. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. , Roman historian and politician (86 BC - c.35 BC), This article is about the historian. The War With Catiline, by Sallust and The First Speech Against Lucius Sergius Catilina, by Cicero, both contain excellent … Louis MacKay proposed a different dating. Sallust struck out practically a new line in literature for himself: his predecessors had been little better than mere dry-as-dust chroniclers, but he endeavoured to explain the connection and meaning of events and successfully delineated character. The monograph is a third of the way through its progress before Cicero is even mentioned, in connection with the story of the conspirators drinking human blood: nonnulli ficta et haec et multa praeterea existumabant ab eis, qui Cart Sallust, Titus Munatius Plancus and Quintus Pompeius Rufus also tried to blame Cicero, one of the leaders of the Senators' opposition to the triumvirate, for his support of Milo. Omnis homines qui sese student praestare ceteris animalibus summa ope niti decet ne vitam silentio transeant veluti pecora, ... 6 Nam et prius quam incipias, consulto, et ubi consulueris, mature facto opus est. Earl D. C. "The Early Career of Sallust".  It was reported by Plutarch that Sallust dined with Caesar, Hirtius, Oppius, Balbus and Sulpicius Rufus on the night after Caesar's famous crossing of the Rubicon river into Italy on 10 January. C. Sallusti Crispi Bellum Catilina (Inglés) Pasta blanda – 1 marzo 2012 por Sallust (Autor) Ver todos los formatos y ediciones Ocultar otros formatos y ediciones The contrast between his early life and the high moral tone he adopted in his writings has frequently made him a subject of reproach, but history gives no reason why he should not have reformed. According to him, Sallust once used the word transgressus meaning generally "passage [by foot]" for a platoon which crossed the sea (the usual word for this type of crossing was transfretatio). Wenn du die Website weiter nutzt, gehen wir von deinem Einverständnis aus. Debrecen 7 (1971) 43 – 54, and 8 (1972) 63-73; its radical criticism of prevailing views deserves attention, e.g. Graduate of the University of Oxford (Montana: Kessinger Publishing, 2010), 25. Lucius Sergius Catilina (108 v.Chr. An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Buy Catilina by Sallust online on Amazon.ae at best prices.  The work does not show any traces of personal experience, and the most common explanation is that Sallust was absent from Rome on military service during this period. Sallust did not participate in military operations directly, but he commanded several ships and organized supply through the Kerkennah Islands. Catilina: Sallust: Amazon.sg: Books. The most ancient scrolls which survive are the Codex Parisinus 16024 and Codex Parisinus 16025, known as "P" and "A" respectively. Sallust presents Catiline as a deliberate foe of law, order and morality, and does not give a comprehensive explanation of his views and intentions (Catiline had supported the party of Sulla, whom Sallust had opposed).  Though Quintilian has a generally favorable opinion of Sallust, he disparages several features of his style: For though a diffuse irrelevance is tedious, the omission of what is necessary is positively dangerous. 13 Catilina’s Three Marriages; 14 Crassus, Catilina, and the Vestal Virgins; 15 Sallust on Crassus; 16 Sallust’s List of Conspirators; 17 P. Sulla (cos. (Suet. But in the present passage boni is strained and overloaded if it means bono consilio and rather ambiguous if it is general, i.e.  Mommsen identified this Sallustius with Sallust the historian, though T. R. S. Broughton argued that Sallust the historian could not have been an assistant to Julius Caesar's adversary.. Sallust's time as governor of Africa Nova ought to have let the author develop a solid geographical and ethnographical background to the war; however, this is not evident in the monograph, despite a diversion on the subject, because Sallust's priority in the Jugurthine War, as with the Catiline Conspiracy, is to use history as a vehicle for his judgement on the slow destruction of Roman morality and politics. Sallust presents Catiline as a deliberate foe of law, order and morality, and does not give a comprehensive explanation of his views and intentions (Catiline had supported the party of Sulla, whom Sallust had opposed). Sed ea tempestate coepere se quisque magis extollere magisque ingenium in promptu habere. 40 In his Bellum Catilinae, C. Sallustius Crispus or Sallust (86-35/34 B.C.) During the Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages his works retained their popularity, and some influential early Christian theologists (Marcus Minucius Felix and Augustine of Hippo) knew his writings well.